If you love history, Greece has a lot of historical sites tourist attraction that you can visit. In Greece, you can find the history of the glorious triumph of Alexander the Great. Greece is a country in Southeast Europe.Athens is the nation’s capital and largest city, its metropolitan area also including the municipality of Piraeus.
In the area of Greece is European culture first appeared, starting with civilization “Cycladic” in the islands of the Aegean Sea around 3000 BC, civilization “Minoan” on the island of Crete (2700-1500 BC) and civilization “Mycenaean Greece” in the main land (1900-1100 BC). The period between 1200 and 800 BC is known as the “Greek Dark Ages” Doria expected after the attack, which ended the Mycenea. Two well-known works of Greek literature, Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, written in our time. Here we are most popular historical sites in Greece that you can visit.
1. Parthenon, Acropolis
Parthenon on the Acropolis is one of the most famous buildings in the world, and a visit to Athens is not complete without visiting this temple. Construction of the Parthenon began in 447 BC, replacing an older temple destroyed by the Persians, and was completed in 432 BC. The purpose of the Parthenon was to house the statue of Athena Parthenos made of ivory, silver and gold. Back in the 5th century, the statue was looted by one of the Roman Emperors, and taken to Constantinople, where it was later destroyed.
2. Valley of the Temples
Valley of the Temples or The Valle dei Templi is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily, southern Italy. It is one of the most outstanding examples of Greater Greece art and architecture, and is one of the main attractions of Sicily as well as a national monument of Italy.
Located on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento, the rest of the seven Greek temple is called the Valley of Temples. Temple of Concordia, built in the 5th century BC, is one of the best preserved Doric temples biggest style that still stands. Other temples including the Temple of Juno, which is used for wedding celebrations, and the Temple of Heracles, the oldest temple in what is now only consists of 8 columns.
3. Temple of Hephaestus
Located about 500 meters north-west of the famous Acropolis, Temple of Hephaestus is the best preserved Greek temples in the world, though far less known than the famous neighbors. This temple was built in the 5th century BC in a district that contains many foundries and metal shops. Therefore, it is dedicated to Hephaestos, god of metal working. Temple of Hephaestus designed by Ictinus, one of the architects who also worked on the Parthenon.
4. Doric Temple of Segesta
Located in the northwestern part of Sicily, Segesta is one of the major cities of the Elymian, one of the three indigenous peoples of Sicily. The population of Segesta was mixed Elymian and Greece, although Elymians soon Hellenized and took the external characteristics of Greek life. Doric Temple which is located just outside the ancient site is well-maintained. It was built in the late 5th century BC and has 6 × 14 columns. and temples also seems deficient roof over the main hall.
5. Temple of Apollo Epicurius
Located on a remote mountainside in the Peloponnese, the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae is well-preserved Greek temples and unusual. It was built somewhere between 450 and 400 BC. The temple is aligned north-south, unlike most Greek temples were aligned east-west. The temple is unusual in that it has an example of the three commands used in the classical architecture of ancient Greece. Ionic peristyle Doric column form while columns support the porch and Corinthian columns in the interior features. Temple of Apollo Epicurius currently covered by the tent to protect the ruins from the elements.
The Erechtheum is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Ionic style of the Acropolis of Athens. This temple was built between 421 and 407 BC. Its name is derived Erikhthonios, Greek heroes. This temple is perhaps most famous for its distinctive porch supported by six female figures known as caryatids. Its architect may have been Mnesicles, and it derived its name from a shrine dedicated to the legendary Greek hero Erichthonius. The sculptor and mason of the structure was Phidias, who was employed by Pericles to build both the Erechtheum and the Parthenon. Some have suggested that it may have been built in honor of the legendary king Erechtheus, who is said to have been buried nearby.
7. Temple of Poseidon, Sounion
Located on the southern tip of Attica peninsula in Greece, the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion, three sides surrounded by the sea. This temple was built in approx. 440 BC, in the ruins of the temple from the Archaic Period. Only a few columns Temple of Poseidon stand, but if intact, this temple will resemble the Temple of Hephaestus at the Acropolis, this may be because it was designed by the same architect.
8. Temple of Zeus, Olympia
Although only a few columns remain at Olympia Temple of Zeus in Athens does not take much imagination to realize that this is one giant temple. Its construction started in the 6th century BC during the reign of the tyrant of Athens, which envisaged building the greatest temple in the ancient world, but not completed until the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century about 638 years after the project has begun.