When asked what town in Italy is worth a visit, for sure the answer is Rome. In addition to being the capital of Italy, it is also the largest city with many diverse attractions. Rome history is very long, almost 2,800 years. During that time, the town was once the center of the Roman Empire, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and later the Papal States, Kingdom of Italy, and is now the Republic of Italy. Here we summarize 5 exciting tourist attractions you can visit while in Rome.
Colosseum is a historic relic in the form of gladiatorial arena, built by Vespasian. Great venue called the elliptical amphitheater or by his real name Flavian Amphitheatre, which is one of the Sixty-Nine Wonders of the Medieval World. The site is located in a small town in Italy, Rome, founded by the Mayor at the time of Domitian Vespasian and completed by his son Titus, and became one of the greatest works of architecture ever built in the Roman Empire. Colosseum is designed to accommodate 50,000 spectators.
Pantheon is a building that was constructed in the year 27 BC as a temple of a round in the center of Rome. Construction of the temple was completed during the reign of Emperor Hadrian (118 BC-28 AD) in the year 126 AD Hadrian built this temple to worship the Roman gods. Pantheon name comes from the Greek word meaning house All Gods. This temple was used as a church from the year 609 until 1885 and later became the church and the burial place for the Italian national hero. Famous figures are buried here is King Emmanuel I and Renaissance painter, Raphael.
3. Trevi Fountain
The Trevi Fountain is a fountain in the Trevi district in Rome, Italy. Standing 26.3 metres (86 ft) high and 49.15 metres (161.3 ft) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world.The fountain at the junction of three roads (tre vie) marks the terminal point of the “modern” Acqua Vergine, the revived Aqua Virgo, one of the ancient aqueducts that supplied water to ancient Rome.
4. Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona is a city square in Rome, Italy. It is built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian, built in 1st century AD, and follows the form of the open space of the stadium. The ancient Romans came there to watch the agones (“games”), and hence it was known as ‘Circus Agonalis’ (competition arena). It is believed that over time the name changed to ‘in avone’ to ‘navone’ and eventually to ‘navona’.Defined as a public space in the last years of 15th century, when the city market was transferred to it from the Campidoglio, the Piazza Navona was transformed into a highly significant example of Baroque Roman architecture and art during the pontificate of Innocent X, who reigned in 1644-1655 and whose family palace, the Palazzo Pamphili, faced onto the piazza. It features important sculptural and architectural creations: in the center stands the famous Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi or Fountain of the Four Rivers (1651) by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, topped by the Obelisk of Domitian, brought here in pieces from the Circus of Maxentius.
5. Galleria Borghese
The Borghese Gallery (Italian: Galleria Borghese) is an art gallery in Rome, Italy, housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana. It is a building that was from the first integral with its gardens, nowadays considered quite separately by tourists as the Villa Borghese gardens. The Galleria Borghese houses a substantial part of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculpture and antiquities, begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the nephew of Pope Paul V (reign 1605–1621). The Villa was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese himself, who used it as a villa suburbana, a party villa at the edge of Rome.