Russia is a big country and has many beautiful tourist attractions. Russia is one of most popular tourist destinations in the world. The country contains 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, while many more are on UNESCO’s tentative lists. A visit to Russia is an wonderful adventure and unforgettable.
Major tourist routes in Russia include a travel around the Golden Ring of ancient cities, cruises on the big rivers like Volga, and long journeys on the famous Trans-Siberian Railway. Diverse regions and ethnic cultures of Russia offer many different food and souvenirs, and show a great variety of traditions, like Russian banya, Tatar Sabantuy, or Siberian shamanist rituals.
Here are famous tourist attractions in Russia:
1. Saint Basil’s Cathedral
Saint Basil’s Cathedral is one of top tourist attractions in Russia. It was built between 1555 and 1561, St Basil’s Cathedral is beautiful, elegant, colorful and unique. There is no other place, or cathedral, that looks like it in the world. It is located on the South East of Red Square. The Cathedral is vividly colorful and contains redbrick towers that add to its beauty. The church’s design consists of nine chapels, each mounted with its individual dome that marks the assault on the city of Kazan.
2. Moscow Kremlin
Kremlin is a historic fort in the center of Moscow which was built of brick in the 15th century. Length of the wall is more than 2 km, height up to 19 m, width 3.5 to 6.5 m, breadth of 27.5 ha. The Kremlin has 20 towers. The most famous of them is the Spasskaya Tower (height 67.3 m) with a diameter at 6 m. In the Kremlin there is a long legacy as churches with cemeteries of Russian tsar. There is also a hall of weapons, contains an assortment of heirloom items including horse-drawn carriages, crowns, clothing, jewelry and weapons belonging to the tsar. Now Kremlin is home to the nation’s top governmental offices.
3. Red Square
Red Square is a field which is located next to the Kremlin, Moscow, Russia. Around this field, there are Soviet Union History Museum, St. Basil’s Cathedral was built in the XIV century, along with the fall of Kazan, and the Mausoleum of Lenin as a funeral where Vladimir Lenin’s body is preserved. Red Square is a place of ceremony, celebration, and a military parade was started by the Soviet Union and continued by the Russian Federation.
4. St. petersburg
St. Petersburg is a city in the Russian Federation. Previously, the city was called Petrograd in 1914-1924 and Leningrad in the Soviet period (1924-1991) to commemorate Vladimir Lenin. St. Petersburg now is the administrative center of Leningrad Oblast, although have the status of federal city. This city is a port city located on the banks of the Neva River and the Gulf Finskiy. St. Petersburg is the center of industry, science, and culture that important and having industrial machinery, iron, steel, chemicals, and food. The city has had a subway system since 1955. The city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
5. Mount Elbrus
Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain in the territory of Russia and Europe. It is located in the Caucasus, near the border between the two republics of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. Mount Elbrus is a real natural wonders of Russia. The highest peak of the mountain, western, has a height of 5642 m above sea level. The mountain is divided into two deep natural saddle. In ancient times, Mount Elbrus was a volcano, but now the peak is covered with glaciers. Mount Elbrus attracting both experienced and novice mountain climbers. A cable car system can take visitors as high as 3,800 meters (12,500 ft), facilitating ascents to the summit.
6. Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal, the deepest and oldest lake on Earth. Lake Baikal holds around 20 percent of the world’s fresh water. Located in Siberia, the 25 million year old, the lake is surrounded by mountain ranges. The lake is considered one of the clearest lakes in the world. Known as the Pearl of Siberia, Lake Baikal is home to several resorts, making the area a popular vacation destination. In 1996 baikal lake listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
7. Volga River
The Volga River is Europe’s largest river and it flows through the west of Russia and recognized as the national river of Russia. Its length measures 3530 km. The river is used for flood control, transportation, power production and irrigation. The Volga River also features a number of holiday destinations, some of these places provide activities such as water sports and fishing.
8. Hermitage Museum
Hermitage Museum is one of the largest museum in the world. It has over 3 million different kinds of art in it. The museum is situated along the Palace Embankment in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The museum has such a large collection of arts that it cannot be put out on display at one point in time. Built in 1764 by Catherine the Great. The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian emperors.
9. Trans-Siberian Railway
Trans-Siberian Railway is part of the longest railway system in the world. The Trans-Siberian Railroad is an impressive railway network with a length of 9259 kilometers. It connects Moscow and Eastern Russia and the countries of Japan, China and Mongolia. Most travelers use the train as overnight accommodation from one destination to the next. The train features first, second and third class sleepers, some with private bathrooms and showers.
10. Suzdal City
Suzdal is one of Russia’s major religious centers, housing monasteries, churches, and cathedrals. It has also emerged as a central tourist destination to exemplify fine and ornate Russian architecture. Suzdal is the jewel of Russia’s “Golden Ring,” ancient cities that the country has preserved as living museums of Russia’s cultural past. Those who wish to experience the best of Russia’s historic architecture, full of onion-dome topped kremlins, cathedrals and monasteries, will find it in Suzdal.